PRN(Pusat Racun Negara) is the National Poison Centre set up based
on the services provided by the Integrated Drug and Poison Information Services (IDPIS), Universiti
Sains Malaysia since 1982. IDPIS evolves from several research
activities carried out towards strengthening the health care services,
particularly in the areas of information technology and informatics. It
is aimed at auditing of health information as well as upgrading and
strengthening the handling of drug and poison information directed
towards health and allied professionals as well as the lay public.
"To reduce the mortality, morbidity, cost
and occurrence of poisoning in manner
that strives for excellence, compassion and innovation".
HOW DOES PRN ACHIEVE
By making available service so as:
- to reduce the risk
and the occurrence of poisoning,
- to encourage optimum
treatment of poisoning cases, by:
- providing information on poisons and advice in poisoning cases
- conducting research and documenting poisoning incidences
- coordinating and conducting poison awareness and prevention education,and
- carrying out analytical tests and interpretations of laboratory results.
Office Hours : 1-800-88-8099 /
Monday to Friday: 8.10am - 5.10pm
After office hours :
[ including weekends and public holidays ]
For emergency calls, our trained pharmacist will be
assigned to provide the necessary information needed using the resources
available at PRN. Depending on cases, follow-up calls will be made to
ensure continued support and assistance.
WHEN SHOULD PRN BE CONSULTED?
- When faced with
- Acute and chronic poisonings involving,
- drugs and medicals
- household and
- natural toxins
- Misuse and abuse of medicines/drugs
- Drug-related problems including adverse reactions
Detailed information may also be obtained upon completion of more extensive research
|WHAT IS REQUIRED WHEN
In cases of exposure to poisons, please be ready with the following information.
- Name, age and weight
of the victim.
- Caller's telephone
number (this is important for follow-up calls).
- Name of product
involved - read one at a time, the information written on labels, if any.
- Quantity of substance
involved (provide estimate as accurate as possible).
- Time of the incident.
- Signs and symptoms.
- First aids given.
Drug and Poison
- to function as the main resource centre in providing information on toxicity and risk of
- to assist in the management of poisoning cases
- to systematically disseminate drug and poison information and advise through the use of
efficient, reliable and cost-effective methods
- to compile information on poisonous substances on a continuous basis
- to develop computer applications in order to facilitate information transfer and use by
the Drug and Poison Information Services
- to research into systematic collection of poisoning data and information through
toxicovigilance and toxicokinetic studies
and Prevention Services
- to conduct and coordinate a systematic and continuous education and prevention programs
in the training of allied and health professionals and the public
- to collaborate with governmental and non-governmental agencies as well as other related
bodies in carrying out its activities
- to train students of health sciences students in the area of toxicology and poisoning
- to provide supportive services
in the identification of poison so as to assist diagnosis, management and prognosis of the
- to be involved in surveillance program on population at risk to poisons
- to collaborate with the development of governmental and non-governmental agencies on
|WHO SHOULD USE PRN?
- Members of the public
- Governmental and
- Mass media, and other
HOW TO COLLABORATE WITH PRN?
The Centre welcomes collaborative efforts as part of its enrichment program in
areas pertaining to toxicology and related research. Please contact the
Director of the National Poison Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia,
11800 Penang, Malaysia for further discussion.
Tel : 04-6570099 Fax : 04-6568417 E-mail : email@example.com
TO EXPECT WHEN CALLING PRN?
In cases of actual poisoning exposure,
- the phone will be answered by a pharmacist or a scientist, who will be required to
obtain a basic history and patient status report in order to provide better follow-up
- the pharmacists are trained and capable of interpreting literature and references in
making recommendations relative to the hazards of a suspected poisoning, termination of
the toxic exposure, symptomatic or supportive care, antidotal therapy, ancillary drug use,
and indications for procedures like diuresis or dialysis.
- you will receive information that are condensed and concised for resources available at
PRN, unless otherwise requested.
- all information is recorded on a specific report form for ease of follow-up and
- when necessary you will be assisted in making arrangements for toxicological analyses,
patient transfer, or obtaining specific consultations.
- as a matter of routine, in order to monitor the outcome and also to maintain accurate
and complete records, one or more follow-up calls will be made to assess the patient's
progress and obtain further history.
Your cooperation in all these are much appreciated. Thank you.