Pusat Racun Negara / National Poison Centre

Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia.


[About's PRN ][ Our Mission ][ Emergency ][ Services ][ Contact ][ When to consult ][ What to consult ][ What to expect]
 

ABOUT'S PRN

PRN(Pusat Racun Negara) is the National Poison Centre set up based on the  services provided by the Integrated Drug and Poison Information Services (IDPIS), Universiti Sains Malaysia since 1982. IDPIS evolves from several research activities carried out towards strengthening the health care services, particularly in the areas of information technology and informatics. It is aimed at auditing of health information as well as upgrading and strengthening the handling of drug and poison information directed towards health and allied professionals as well as the lay public.

 

OUR MISSION

"To reduce the mortality, morbidity, cost and occurrence of poisoning in

 manner that strives for excellence, compassion and innovation".

 

HOW DOES PRN ACHIEVE ITS MISSION?

By making available service so as:

to reduce the risk and the occurrence of poisoning,
to encourage optimum treatment of poisoning cases, by:
  • providing information on poisons and advice in poisoning cases
  • conducting research and documenting poisoning incidences
  • coordinating and conducting poison awareness and prevention education,and
  • carrying out analytical tests and interpretations of laboratory results.

 

EMERGENCY & FIRST-AID

Emergency
First-Aid Databases

Office Hours : 1-800-88-8099 / 04-6570099


Monday to Friday: 8.10am - 5.10pm

 

After office hours : +6012-430 9499

[ including weekends and public holidays ]

For emergency calls, our trained pharmacist will be assigned to provide the necessary information needed using the resources available at PRN. Depending on cases, follow-up calls will be made to ensure continued support and assistance.

 

WHEN SHOULD PRN BE CONSULTED?

When faced with
  1. Acute and chronic poisonings involving,
  2. drugs and medicals products
    pesticides
    household and industrial chemicals
    natural toxins
  3. Misuse and abuse of medicines/drugs
  4. Drug-related problems including adverse reactions

Detailed information may also be obtained upon completion of more extensive research and consultation.

WHAT IS REQUIRED WHEN CONTACTING PRN?

In cases of exposure to poisons, please be ready with the following information.

Name, age and weight of the victim.
Caller's telephone number (this is important for follow-up calls).
Name of product involved - read one at a time, the information written on labels, if any.
Quantity of substance involved (provide estimate as accurate as possible).
Time of the incident.
Signs and symptoms.
First aids given.

SERVICES

Drug and Poison Information Services
  • to function as the main resource centre in providing information on toxicity and risk of poisons
  • to assist in the management of poisoning cases
  • to systematically disseminate drug and poison information and advise through the use of efficient, reliable and cost-effective methods

Research and Documentation Services

  • to compile information on poisonous substances on a continuous basis
  • to develop computer applications in order to facilitate information transfer and use by the Drug and Poison Information Services
  • to research into systematic collection of poisoning data and information through toxicovigilance and toxicokinetic studies

Poison Education and Prevention Services

  • to conduct and coordinate a systematic and continuous education and prevention programs in the training of allied and health professionals and the public
  • to collaborate with governmental and non-governmental agencies as well as other related bodies in carrying out its activities
  • to train students of health sciences students in the area of toxicology and poisoning

Toxicology Laboratory Services

  • to provide supportive services in the identification of poison so as to assist diagnosis, management and prognosis of the poisoning cases
  • to be involved in surveillance program on population at risk to poisons
  • to collaborate with the development of governmental and non-governmental agencies on analytical methods

WHO SHOULD USE PRN?
Health and Allied Professionals
Members of the public
Governmental and regulatory agencies
Non-governmental organizations
Mass media, and other related bodies

HOW TO COLLABORATE WITH PRN?

The Centre welcomes collaborative efforts as part of its enrichment program in areas pertaining to toxicology and related research. Please contact the Director of the National Poison Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia for further discussion.

Tel : 04-6570099 Fax : 04-6568417 E-mail : prnnet@prn.usm.my

WHAT TO EXPECT WHEN CALLING PRN?

In cases of actual poisoning exposure,

  • the phone will be answered by a pharmacist or a scientist, who will be required to obtain a basic history and patient status report in order to provide better follow-up services.
  • the pharmacists are trained and capable of interpreting literature and references in making recommendations relative to the hazards of a suspected poisoning, termination of the toxic exposure, symptomatic or supportive care, antidotal therapy, ancillary drug use, and indications for procedures like diuresis or dialysis.
  • you will receive information that are condensed and concised for resources available at PRN, unless otherwise requested.
  • all information is recorded on a specific report form for ease of follow-up and continuity.
  • when necessary you will be assisted in making arrangements for toxicological analyses, patient transfer, or obtaining specific consultations.
  • as a matter of routine, in order to monitor the outcome and also to maintain accurate and complete records, one or more follow-up calls will be made to assess the patient's progress and obtain further history.

Your cooperation in all these are much appreciated. Thank you. 

 

  STAFF